How to write a great essay in ten simple steps


Thanks to for these great tips for parents, teachers and students about writing essays.  Many students get anxious about how to approach an essay, but these ten tips will make it a logical and simple process.


Remember that if you are looking for more great free resources and structured guides to teaching all aspects of English especially writing be sure to visit

If you would like some great essay topic suggestions be sure to check our recommendations here.

1.   Examine the essay question carefully

o   Highlight key words.

o   Use the dictionary to check the meaning of any unfamiliar words.

o   Identify the task words that indicate what needs to be done, eg ‘discuss', ‘explain', ‘compare'.

o   Identify the topic words that indicate the particular subject of the essay, eg the character of ‘Juliet' in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, the ‘causes' of World War 1.

o   Identify any limiting words that restrict the discussion to a particular area, eg in ‘Chapters 1-3', during the ‘nineteenth century'.

2.   Finalize any necessary reading or research as background to the essay

o   Be selective: use sources which are relevant and accessible.

o   Write notes in your own words.

o   Write down quotations that may be particularly useful, but ensure the source of these quotes is acknowledged if they're used.

o   Take note of sources so they can be provided in footnotes and the bibliography.

3.   Brainstorm your ideas in response to the question

o   Jot down any relevant points.

o   Make note of any relevant evidence or quotes that come to mind.

o   Use a mind map to help stimulate lateral thinking.

4.   Construct a thesis (idea/argument) that encapsulates the response to the question

o   The thesis should be a statement that strongly expresses the overall response to the question.

o   Avoid a thesis that's too simplistic – show thought has been put into some of the complexities behind the question.

o   The thesis is the backbone of the essay – it will be stated in the introduction. It also needs to be referred to several times in the essay before restating it and demonstrating how it has been proven in the conclusion.

5.   Write a plan for the response

o   Order ideas in a logical sequence.

o   Make sure every point in the plan is relevant to the question.

o   After the plan has been written it should be clear where the essay is going. 

6.   Write the introduction

o   Open up the discussion.

o   Introduce the thesis.

o   Indicate how the questions will be answered.

o   Name any texts to be discussed, if appropriate.

o   Engage the reader.

7.   Write the main body of the essay

o   Ensure each point is given a new paragraph.

o   Use words or phrases at the start of each paragraph that will indicate to the reader how it relates to the previous paragraph, eg, 'however', ‘in addition', ‘nevertheless', ‘moreover'.

o   Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly links the paragraph to the rest of the essay, eg "A striking example of Gary Crew's use of light and darkness imagery to suggest notions of knowledge and ignorance occurs in the scene on the jetty".

o   Provide supporting evidence for each point that you make.

o   Revisit the thesis, and express it in different ways if possible, to emphasise how the question is being addressed. 

8.   Write your essay conclusion

o   Summarise the main ideas.

o   Demonstrate how you have proven your thesis.

o   Finish with an interesting or thought-provoking, but relevant, comment.

9.   Edit the draft

o   Check for spelling, punctuation and grammar.

o   Delete any sections that are not particularly relevant.

o   Change vocabulary to improve expression.

o   Seek feedback from peers or a teacher before writing the final copy.

10.                  Write the final copy

o   Add any footnotes or bibliography if required.

o   Present a clean, neat copy.

o   Submit on time.

Help your students become better searchers

Web search can be a remarkable tool for students, and a bit of instruction in how to search for academic sources will help your students become critical thinkers and independent learners.

With the materials on Google's guide to search for students, you can help your students become skilled searchers- whether they're just starting out with search, or ready for more advanced training.

It is a great resource for both students and teachers as it celarly outlines how to find lesson plans and teaching resources.

Access it here.

The Ultimate guide to Writing Letters

Writing letters today is becoming somewhat of a lost art form in comparison to what it was before computers, twitter and text messaging.  The fact is though that we still need effective letter writing skills to communicate at a professional or personal level via email or on good ol' pen and paper.

Letter Writing Guide has got you covered no matter what sort of style of letter you are trying to put together and is full of excellent information on structuring a specific style of letter and also has an example letter for over 20 different styles of letter writing.

So if you are going to write a love letter to a long lost girlfriend or terminate an employee's position be sure to get it right by visiting Letter Writing Guide

15 Great How to Guides for the Weekend - For the nerd in you

Here is the solution for the weekend warrior who doens't really want to stray too far from the home. have produced some brilliant guides on the following topics.

1 – Internet Guide for the Movie Addict,  2 – Internet Guidebook for An Audiophile, 3 – The Incredible Free Manual for Every Mac User, 4 – The Underground Guide to the iPhone, 5 – Twitter: Best Practices & Tips, 6 – The Ultimate Guide to your Windows Mobile Phone, 7 – A Computer Geek’s Smart Productivity Guide, 8 – Building a Media Center for your Home, 9 – The Only Easy Guide To Computer Networks, 10 – The Big Book of BitTorrent, 11 – A Newbie’s Getting Started Guide to Linux, 12 – The Idiot’s Guide To Photoshop, 13 – The Big Book of iTunes, 14 – The Idiot’s Guide to Building Your Own PC, 15 – Laptop Buying Guide for 2009

Some of these guides are well over 50 pages and all are up to date and full of pics.  Thanks to Chris at Posterous for popping these up and you can access them here.